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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  February 13, 2020 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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narrator: funding for is presentation is made possible by... man: babbel, a language learning app that teaches real life convsations and uses speech recognition technology. daily 10 to 15 minute lessons are voiced by native speakers and they are at babel. b-a-b-b-e-l.com. narrator: funding was also provided by... the freemadation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs stion from viewers like you, thank you. woman: and
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nada: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am nada tawfik. counting the coronavirus cases. worries about they severow ever larger. donald trump's attorney general says he won't bow to political factors amid questions over his agency's independence. atty. gen. barr: i'm not going to be bullied or influenced by anybody, whether it is congress, newspaper, editorial boards, or the president. nada: plus, rethinking the origins of the solar system. why scientists at nasa say our beginnings were more gentle than previously thought. nada: for all of you watching on pbs and around the globe, welcome to "world news america." the old saying "numbers certnly don't lie" is true
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when it comes to the global spread of the coronavirus. thousands have been infected and disease.om the but it is how those numbers are ngcompiled that is proricky. kenny's authorities say they changed-the--chinese authorities say they change the way they tend related the totals, resulting in thousands more cases and hundreds more deaths. john sudworth has more. john: china is at war with this virus flying in extra supplies and reinforcements of 2600 extra troops. but there is still deep confusion about the enemy they are fighting, h how many infected, and how many it has killed. until now, only those with a positive lab test will count as confirmed cases to but lab tests take time. now patients confirmed bmuch quicker ct scanneds are being included. it is much less reliable, but it
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means the number of cases has rocketed. ats far more worrying is the big-league index. the sudden increase in those patients who only had ct scans not unted before. t are those extra deaths added up from across the past three weeks, or are they a new daily count pointing to a hidden number of similar daily deaths? china hasn't told us. it has been focused on messages of loyalty. are being swo into a communist committee, and it has been settling political scores, removing the boss of the province wre the outbreak started. the media are showing hard-working hero stories, too. its driver'sinning anniversary.- -- wedding anniversary. "come home soon," the sign says. contact with the outside world
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is for bi forbidden. from beijing, i asked if china can beat the virus. "of course we will win," he says. th shop is keeping a safe distance from its customers. china isor now paying this as a patriotic fight involving the messes, the enforcement-- masses,nf the ecement of strict quarantine measures, and the aring of facemasks. there is no shortage of fighting spirit, but there is so much we still don't know about how this is going to end. hn sudworth, bbc news, beijing. nada: for more on the situation in china, i spoke earlierith outing from --zhaoyin feng, a
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correspondent with the bbc chinese service. do you think there is an accurate picre of the deaths and infections? zhayoyin: it appears the authorities are trying to expand more cases rather than hiding them. but there has been a shortag of testing kits and hospital beds in the province, so a lot of people passed away before they knew the real cause of their death. their cases are not included in the death counts at the moment could of course there are many cases where people show only very light symptoms, and the immune system was able to fight the virus. theyight not have known that they were ever infected. eswhen we look at numbers, we have to be aware that we are looking at the low estimate. na: we have also seen a political fallout here.
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what is the significance of that? zhaoyin: yes, it is definitely not a coincidence that w see a short spike of confirmed cases number. at the same shuffle in wuhan province. this is a political move to offer a relatively clean slate to the officials. it is good to know that the two men who will be put in place in wuhan province were previously working ely with chinese it is not the first time the president put his loyalists to the provinces battling a crisis. this time around he definitely has high hopes for these two aloffici nada: but is there any sense that this could be a crisis for the larger communist party? zhaoyin: well, it is important to note that a lot of criticism on the chinese intert right now are targeting the local
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authorities rather than the racegovernment. even the state media beiji criticized local officials for reacting very slow to the crisis. it is a trickyalance for beijing. you could say that they are pointing fingers at local authorities, but at the same tiheare admitting this is a lack of efficiency in the chinese governance system. ethis could b counted as failure of beijing. but of course the country is using its propaganda machine to manipulate and cover up some of the public opinion. nada: y we kn will state on it. thank you so much, zhayoyin. the u.s. attorney general has pushed back on things that his department is influenced by political factors. ewin an interview with abcin the united states, william br says he will not be bullied or influenced by anybody, whether it is congress, a newspaper editorial board, or the
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presidentad his comments come after the justice department abandon the second scene -- sentencing recommendation in the prosecution of trump ally roger stone hours after the president complained the original sentence was too harsh. barr insists the president never asked him to do anythin inappropriate, but he says he does not appreciate the president's tweets. atty. gen. barr: to have public statements and tweets made about thebo department, people in the department, men and women here, that case is pending in the department, and about jges with whom we have cases, they get impoible for me to do-- make it impossible for me to do my job and to ensurehe courts and prosecutors in the department that we are doing our work with integrity. nada: for more, i was joined earlier by a justice department reporter at "the wall street journal." it is quite extraordinary that
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you have the attorney geral essentially telling the president to stop tweeting about his department. >> it is. we have seen the attorney general take a position that is often aligned with the one the president is taking, and this is one of the first instances where he has come out and he president to literally stop tweeting. nada: and about the kind of key e question, meline of the decision to revise those sentencing recommendations, what do we know about whether that truly came before the president's tweet or not? >> we know there was a lot of discussion leading up to words in t original filing, the monday filing in which the prosecutors did recommend a seven- to nine-year sentence. we knew at that justice department officials were asking for something less than that. the inference was that once this
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filing came on monday, asking for seven to ninee years, inference was that the prosecutors had the disagreement and that is the recommendation to make it what we are told by senior department officials and which the attorney general confirmed himself in the abc interview was that onc the senior justice department leadership saw the monday , they believed it was n consistent with what they had understood the filing to s. and so they got to work trying to rewrite this new filing that was filed eventually on tuesday. the timeline is still a little understanding is ter prosecutors in most of the u.s. attorney's office in washington had not heard about any decision to file a revised memo and change the sentencing recommendation until after the 'president' tweets on tuesday rning.
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onit is still an open ques exactly what happened in those intervening 12 hours, but the attoey general is saying that he very clearly came to this decision before the presi nt nada: i mean, the aorney general is clearly speaking out because he is concerned about thist view ts department could be politicized. when he testifies in front of the judiciary committee, what evidence do expect lawmakers to want to see from him? arun well, cwiarly lawmakers want to see some evidence to back up the fact that he decided he wanted to revise the sentence before the president tweeted, so they would want to see emails, draft filings, anything that uld show they had started discussing this on monday night. whether they are going to get that, i'm not really sure. the justice deparentan probably withhold the information fromca congress e is part of the
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deliberative process before the decisionre ihed. but clearly they are going to want to see that. roger stone is expected to get sentenced next week, and the judge could ask inr similar rmation. nada: ok, thank you so much for joining us. we have been speaking about the u.s. justice department, and today the agency f racketeering charges against china's huawei. it isart of a broader crackdown by the u.s. government against the tech firm. the trump administration sees huawei as a potential threat to u.s. national security interests. a short time ago i spoke about this with our business espondent samira hussain what are prosecutors alleging huawei did? what they are saying that huawei and its subsidiaries are being accused of stealing trade secrets from six american companies and using the information for its own gain. there are some pretty explosive allegations in the indictment. at one point it is said that a huawei employees on the floor of
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the trade show in chicago trying to steal technology in the dead of night. in addition to those allegations, we are seeing that that huawei vioonted u.s. sanc that are in place against both iran and north korea. in a statement, huawei has denied all of these charges, and it said that this is just an attempt by the u.s. govement to irreparably damaged the company's repution. nada: as you say, explosive ycharges, but what make about the timing of this announment? samira: right, so the timing is really interesting, because as you know, the u.s. banss companom selling components and technology to huawei, and the united states is trying to sideli this company in terms of its expansion within the western world,itg of course national security conceras. but in thefew weeks, both the u.k. and germany have agreed to use some of huawei's
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technology, a move which appeared to anger e trump admistration. nada: samira, thank you so much. thalso todayu.s. senate voted to limit president trump's ability to take further military action against iran. it comes nearly six weeks after the president ordered the killing of iran's top military leader, qasem soleimani. some republicans crossed party vote in favor of th resolution. president trump is expected to veto the measure. in other news now, the u.s. and the taliban have negotiated a weeklong truce in afghanistan. it has been held as an important breakthrough, but not yet a peace agreement. u.s. troops won't withaw until violence levels decrease. il of the bushfires burni australian state of new south wales are nowontained for the rst time this fire season, according to the rural fire service. the flames had been raging since september, burning more than a million hectaresf land and destroying many homes.
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heavy rain has fallen in the state last week which has put out many brush fires. former white house pecommunications director takes is returning to-- hope hicks is returning to 1600 pennsyania avenue. she is expected to serve as counselor to the president and report to jared kushr. the 31-year-old left the administration two years ago to to work for t fox corporation, which owns mr. trump's favorite tv network, fox news. mong on, closing statements began today in the trial of disgced hollywood producer harvey weinstein. it is the first criminal trial against the mogul scores of women accused him of sexual assault, leading to his downfall and the rise of the me too movement. weinstein could face life in prison if convicted of rate and predatory sexual assault, allegations he has denied. harvey weinstein limped into court as his rape trial draws to
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a close. for weeks t world has been captivated by the emotional arguments in this case, seen as a key moment for the me too movement. in closing arguments, the former hollywood producer's lawyer told the seven men and five the jury that they were his last defense in the country from the overzealous dia and prosecution. >> are you thinking about testifying? you wanted to testify? >>ve he didn't to. orthe case spoke f itself. nada: weinstein did not testify, sewing down over ten'sd on stories. >> the evidence presented in this case was anemic at best, and if his name was not harvey d weinsteian was john doe, the district attorney's office would never have brought these charges. nada: the manhattan district attorney's case relies on the testimony of six women. there is no physic evidence to support their claims, but the
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jury was shown naked photographs of wednesday to corroborate their descriptions of his dy. they had strikingly similar accounts. the influential producer allegedly dangled oers of jobs and move your goals from and then got them alone in his hotel room, where he allegedly attacked to them. in one of the most dramatic moments, on accuser broke down in sobs. ethe former actress tvetified that othe course of an extremely degrading relationship with weinstein, he raped her in a beverly hills hotel in 13. the defense presented evidence to argue that the relationship was consensual, even loving. the jury will begin deliberations starting next week to decide who they, belie weinstein or his accusers. prosecutors will deliver theirin closing remarkhe weinstein case tomorrow. you are watching "bbc world news america." htstill to come on to's program, what russians think of president putin stayi iner p
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indefinitely. we have a special report from the country's heartland. germany has been marking the 75th anniversary of the destruction of dresden by british and american bombers during the second world war. between the 13th and 15th of february 1945, thousands of bombs were dropped on his he famous forarts beauty and itecture. tens of thousands of civilians were killed in a highlyss controversiallt goo jenny hill reports. jenny: dresden has risen from the ashes, but its debt are not forgotten. the city sll assembled of -- still a symbol of the whole released by war. it is 75 years since alliedpp forces d a bomb after bomb on the city, an attack which even at the time it ignited controvey. underneath the bombardment, civilians at and bned--
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suffocated a burned, the city destroyed. ursuala was 14. she recalled a firestorm so intense that she kind onto a lamppost to avoid being sucked by the flame >> my mother said, "now we have lost everything. now we are homeless." jenny: a commemorations today city so and beauty that its people thought no one would attack it. >> we recall both the suffering of people in german cities and the suffering that germans inflicted on others. we do not forget it was germans who started this cruel war. jenny: this is, for germany, a highly symbolic day. for many it is about memory, reconciliation. for others, it is about the fines.-- defiance.
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e far right is making its presence felt in the country, seeking to redefine germany's second world waristory. there are few survivors left to tell the tale of dresden. by honoring instead the city intends to keep death by noring its--by horing its debt, the city intends to keep her memory alive. nada: in russia, opponents of presidt vladimir are doing what they can to keep mm-- vladimir putin are doing what they can just keep him from staying in power into finale. --indenitely. c rosenberg traveled 1000 miles from moscow to hear what russians think about possibility. sterlve: it feels like a wo away from moscow, an industrial dystopia steam and smoke. this waslt by a dictator who called himself a man of steel,
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stalin. f the ideaa strongul rer, and iron hand, is still attractive yhere. in her tiny flat, she is raising four of her grandchildren by herself. s but as toughings are, she remains upbeat about the fure and about russia's current leader. >> vladimir putin is my favorite! he can sing, he can ds, polit everything! has boosted our country. i want him to ve president fo too.e: the suspicion is he doe vladimir putin is in a hurry to rewrite russia's constitution. it is for the good of the country, he says. but critics claim his real aim
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is to stay in power indefinitely , if not as president, then in some other role. if vladimir putin's plan is to stick around, it is clear that many russians will accept a that. they believe there is no alternative to putin, or because they feel they don't have the decisions about russia's future taken at the top. but some russians are trying. >> nyet! nyet! steve: these protesters are accusing putin of a constitutional coup. >> the authorities are treating the constitution like toilet paper. they are using it to whitwipe their bottoms, which have got stuck to the throne. nada: but the turnout is tiny -- steve: but the turnout is tiny. tatyana still believes in the power of protest.
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sbut sadl says, the russian people are sleeping. and that means that if aan rus leader wants to stay in power, to rulew forever, right ere is little to stand in their way. steve roseg, bbc russia. nada: now, when it cos to the origins of our solartsystem, scientt nasa say we should think more of a gentle clumping planets rather than then smashing together after the big bang. t as catchy, but according to a new study out todayy the process ve been less violent than originally thought, and that could have major implicatns for how we view the universe, as pallab ghosh reports. pallab: billions of years ago, the planets in our own solar system formed. it was a violent process of rocks crasng together and until they beca world's which included our own
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earth. or so we thought. atodayt a news conference in seattle, nasa scientists said at the theory held for the best part of 60 years was completely wrong. >> it wonderful scientific present, and the results describeto you -- this is how planetesimal formation took place quite possibly across the solar system. pallab: the wssun is right in te middle of the solar system. closest to it are for planets including the earth. fthther out are four much larger planets, the amous of which is saturn. and then at the edge is tiny pluto, 3 billion miles awa one of thousands of slums of roc-- thousands of lumps of rock and ice known as the kuiper belt.
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these were left from the creation of the planets 4.5 billion years ago. nasa's spacecraft reached one of these objects last year. it i sonly now thatentists have been able to study it in detail. it consists of two folders fused together. look closely. there is no evidence of a violent impact, no cracks. rather, a slow coming together, not just of these two boulders, but a gradual accumulation of all the ice and rocks that build the planets we know today. pallab ghosh, bbc news, seattle. nada the beauty of science there. we are always learning more. remember, you can find more of all the day's news on our website. eeplus, tohat we are working on at any time, make sure what to check us out on twitter. narrator: funding for this presentation is made possible by... babbel, an online program designed by language specialists
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teaching spanish, french and more. narrator: funding was alsorovided by... the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum-kovler foundation. pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you, thank you. narrator: be more, pbs. ♪
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♪ judy: good evening, i am judy woodruff. tonight i sit down with bernie sanders. then, the politics of an outbreak as the coronavirus claims more than 1000 victims. how china's ruling communist party is under the microscope. plus, the quietde epimic. as the coronavirus dominates today's headlines, we look at the rising global threat of measles. >> it is real a collective failure that these outbreaks are happening and the underlying e reason is that peoe not vaccinated. judy: all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour."

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